Secretariat

Belmont Buddies and the Crowns They Denied – Part 1

This is Part 1 of the story of two horses, who both denied what would have been historic Triple Crown sweeps and were champions themselves. Not only did they share that common bond on the racetrack, they would form a lifelong friendship as stallions, with each sharing the title of oldest living Belmont Stakes winner. Part 2 will post on Sunday, May 30. ~ Steve Haskin

Belmont Buddies and the Crowns They Denied

By Steve Haskin

Johnny Be Good  

It was a turbulent period in America, as the country attempted to bond together amid one crisis after another and a rash of senseless killings. Horse racing reflected the times when the Kentucky Derby winner  failed a post-race drug test that prompted one New York newspaper to splash the headline “Derby Winner Drugged.” This could easily have described 2021, but in reality it was 1968, and it was followed by another volatile year in ‘69. But despite the uneasiness in America and the controversy in Kentucky, Thoroughbred racing flourished during those two years thanks to a collection of equine superstars that dominated the headlines seemingly every week.

Never before had racing seen so many exciting stars, from Dr. Fager, Damascus, Dark Mirage, Stage Door Johnny, In Reality, and Gamely in ’68 to Arts and Letters, Majestic Prince, Fort Marcy, Gallant Bloom, Shuvee, and Ta Wee in ’69. Among that group were 10 Hall of Famers.

Let’s begin in 1968, a year of student protests, assassinations, psychedelic drugs, and the Tet Offensive in Vietnam. Americans turned to sports to seek out their heroes, and Thoroughbred racing provided many of them. That is why the last place they expected to see more negative news was the Kentucky Derby.

That year’s Run for the Roses seemed innocent enough with a well-deserved victory by the late-closing Dancer’s Image, winner of the Wood Memorial and Governor’s Cup at Bowie. Unlike today, Dancer’s Image went into the Derby having already run 22 times, winning his first two stakes at Fort Erie and Greenwood in Canada. The son of Native Dancer was riding a three-race winning streak since trainer Lou Cavalaris removed his blinkers following a disappointing sixth-place finish in the Francis Scott Key Stakes and a third-place finish in the Prince George’s Stakes, both at Bowie.

Dancer’s Image’s huge stretch run in the Wood Memorial, in which he ran down two top-class horses, Iron Ruler and Verbatim, established him as one of the favorites for the Kentucky Derby, along with the Florida Derby and Blue Grass Stakes winner Forward Pass, the latest star from Calumet Farm. In both those victories, Forward Pass, who previously romped in the seven-furlong Hibiscus Stakes and narrowly won the Everglades Stakes, won wire-to-wire, and his time of 1:47 4/5 in the Blue Grass missed Round Table’s track and stakes record by only two-fifths of a second.

So, when Dancer’s Image, second choice at 7-2, rallied from dead last in the 14-horse Derby field, storming up the rail to beat 2-1 favorite Forward Pass by 1 1/2 lengths despite jockey Bobby Ussery dropping his whip turning for home, it established the two favorites as the clear-cut leaders of the division.

But that was far from the end of the story of the 1968 Kentucky Derby. As owner Peter Fuller was celebrating the victory that evening, a short distance away in a trailer laboratory near Churchill Downs, urine specimen 3956-U, belonging to Dancer’s Image, revealed a positive test. The culprit was an old nemesis of racing, phenylbutazone, a pain killer distributed under the name Butazolidan and better known as “Bute,” which was banned in Kentucky.

To this day, no one knows how this happened or even if Dancer’s Image’s test really came up positive. Stories have surfaced since about sinister activities and manipulation. A month before the Derby, Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated two days prior to Dancer’s Image winning the Governor’s Cup. Following the race, Fuller announced that he was donating the winner’s purse to King’s widow, Coretta Scott King.

In Kentucky, Fuller’s goodwill gesture was not taken by many in the spirit it was given. According to the New York Times, Fuller received death threats, and Dancer’s Image was “derided with a racial epithet around Louisville, and one of Fuller’s stables was set on fire.”

Dancer’s Image was disqualified and Forward Pass became the official winner of the Kentucky Derby. Fuller fought the ruling for years at a cost of $250,000 in legal fees, but in the end he had no other recourse but to give up the battle. It didn’t help his cause that Mrs. Gene Markey, owner of Calumet Farm, was putting pressure on the Kentucky Racing Commission to uphold the decision. So, the Dancer’s Image disqualification will forever remain tainted in controversy and mystery.

Ironically, one year after the Dancer’s Image case was closed following a five-year court battle, and at great cost to Fuller, the Kentucky Racing Commission legalized phenylbutazone.

Four days after the 1968 Derby, a race was run at Aqueduct that seemed to have no bearing whatsoever on the Triple Crown, as a striking golden chestnut 3-year-old colt with a white blaze owned by Greentree Stable named Stage Door Johnny broke his maiden in his fourth attempt, romping by six lengths in a sharp 1:35 1/5 for the mile. But it was accomplished under a feathery 114 pounds, eight pounds less than he carried in his three previous starts.

Stage Door Johnny’s trainer, John Gaver, was in the hospital at the time for a foot operation. When his son and assistant, John Gaver Jr., called him and told him about the race, the elder Gaver said without hesitation, “There’s our Belmont horse.”

With the stench of the Derby disqualification still permeating throughout the sport, it was soon time for the Preakness and one of the oddest rematches in the history of the Triple Crown, as Dancer’s Image was back to face Forward Pass.

Forward Pass was made the even-money favorite, with Dancer’s Image 6-5 and no one else in single-digit odds. This time, there was no doubt about the winner, as Forward Pass stalked the battling leaders, Martin’s Jig and Arkansas Derby winner Nodouble, then blew past them and drew off to a six-length victory. Dancer’s Image encountered heavy traffic while rallying in the upper stretch and had to make his own path, bulling his way through Nodouble and Martin’s Jig, soundly bumping the latter. He finished well to be third, just missing second by a head, but amazingly was disqualified again and placed eighth. For Fuller, the Triple Crown, which began in joyous celebration, had turned into a nightmare.

With Forward Pass now the official winner of the Derby and Preakness, everyone began seeing asterisks flashing before their eyes. Was this the way the 20-year-old Triple Crown drought was going to end? Were we going to add Forward Pass’s name to the elite list of Triple Crown winners alongside Citation, Whirlaway, Count Fleet, War Admiral and the other greats of the Turf?

Forward Pass no doubt was a very good horse, never having finished worse than fourth in 19 career starts. But he certainly did not seem to belong with the others in the Triple Crown pantheon, especially having been beaten in the Kentucky Derby. In fact, he barely held on for second, finishing a diminishing neck in front of a 32-1 shot named Francie’s Hat, who would have been the Derby winner in another jump or two.

Unfortunately, there did not appear to be a horse capable of stopping this ignominious chapter of the Triple Crown from being written, especially with Dancer’s Image coming up lame. His right ankle that had given him problems before flared up again prior to the Belmont, resulting in his retirement. He never did receive the credit he most likely deserved for winning the Kentucky Derby. He eventually was sent to stand at stud in Japan, where he died in 1992 at age 27; a dubious footnote in Triple Crown history.

Five days after the Preakness, at the newly opened Belmont Park, which had been shut down from 1962 to ’68 while undergoing renovation, they ran a mile and an eighth allowance race called the Peter Pan purse, which was meant to serve as a possible Belmont Stakes prep for late-developing 3-year-olds. Once again, here was Stage Door Johnny showing up shortly after a controversial Triple Crown race. Sent off as the 2-1 second choice, he caught everyone’s attention this time with his scintillating four-length victory over King Ranch’s hard-knocking and well-bred Draft Card.

With Dancer’s Image out of the picture, it became obvious that only two horses had a shot of stopping Forward Pass’ attempt to infiltrate the illustrious roster of Triple Crown winners – Stage Door Johnny and Withers Stakes winner Call Me Prince, who was coupled with Draft Card, both trained by the great Max Hirsch. Forward Pass was made the even-money favorite, with the Max Hirsch entry 9-5 and Stage Door Johnny 4-1. No one else in the nine-horse field was lower than 21-1.

John Gaver Jr. recalled, “My father was thinking of the Belmont Stakes for Stage Door Johnny after his 2-year-old year, even though he was still a maiden. He had a tremendous amount of ability, although he was very green. When he broke his maiden at 3, he did it the way a good horse should. We felt Forward Pass was the only horse to beat in the Belmont and he had gone through the rigors of the Triple Crown. We had worked hard with Stage Door Johnny over the winter, and he had filled out and developed. After the Peter Pan we were confident.”

Milo Valenzuela, as expected, sent Forward Pass right to the lead. Heliodoro Gustines on Stage Door Johnny was forced to steady early, dropping back to seventh, but he quickly got his colt in the clear and moved him up gradually. Forward Pass, meanwhile, was having his own way on the lead, setting fractions of :48 2/5 and 1:12 2/5. At the half-mile pole, the mile run in 1:37, Forward Pass, tracked all the way by Call Me Prince, maintained a 1 1/2-length lead, as Stage Door Johnny moved into third, a little over three lengths behind Forward Pass.

At the quarter pole, Forward Pass still led by 1 1/2 lengths with Stage Door Johnny now moving into second and the only threat to Forward Pass. This was it; the Triple Crown on the line, just a quarter of a mile away. Could the lightly raced Stage Door Johnny, who had never competed in a stakes race, run down a brilliant and classy Forward Pass and prevent the asterisk of all asterisks from tainting the Triple Crown?

At the eighth pole, Forward Pass clung to a head lead, and it was obvious Stage Door Johnny was the stronger of the two and had the favorite measured. But Forward Pass was not going to go down without a fight. He battled hard that final eighth of a mile, but Stage door Johnny was relentless, winning by 1 1/2 lengths. Although Forward Pass’ final quarter in :25 flat would have won most Belmonts, Stage Door Johnny overpowered him in the final furlong, coming home in a tick under : 24 3/5 to complete the mile and a half in 2:27 1/5, three-fifths of a second off Gallant Man’s track record.

For Greentree, this was their fourth Belmont Stakes victory following Twenty Grand, Shut Out, and Capot. For Stage Door Johnny, the Belmont was only the beginning. By the time he had rattled off subsequent victories in the Saranac Handicap in 1:35 2/5 and the mile and a quarter Dwyer Handicap in 2:01 3/5 under a burdensome 129 pounds, he was being considered a legitimate threat to Dr. Fager and Damascus for Horse of the Year honors. The two future Hall of Famers were coming off a pair of epic battles in the 10-furlong Suburban and Brooklyn Handicaps, in which they carried 130 pounds or higher in each race. Dr. Fager defeated his arch rival in the Suburban, equaling the track record in 1:59 3/5. Damascus then turned the tables in the Brooklyn, breaking Dr. Fager’s short-lived track record by two-fifths of a second. His record time of 1:59 1/5 still stands after more than half a century.

Racing fans were now anticipating another epic showdown at the end of the year, much like the 1967 Woodward between Damascus, Dr. Fager, and Buckpasser. But while training for the Travers Stakes over Greentree’s private track at Saratoga, Stage Door Johnny bowed a tendon and was retired to stud.

No one knows how great Stage Door Johnny could have been and how he would have fared against the mighty Dr. Fager and Damascus. But one thing is for certain, with those two legendary 4-year-olds dominating the sport; the mighty mite Dark Mirage becoming the first filly to sweep the Filly Triple Crown; the opening of the new Belmont Park; and of course the controversial Triple Crown, the year 1968 would go down as one of the most memorable in racing history.

We hoped you enjoyed the first half of this column. Part 2 of this column will post tomorrow morning…


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22 Responses to “Belmont Buddies and the Crowns They Denied – Part 1”

  1. Matthew W says:

    Rock Your World is getting the buzz out here, and I’ll likely use him in an exacta box….but I am increasingly thinking Rombauer is going to do it again….

    • Matthew W says:

      Pegram said they made a verbal promise to ride Hot Rod in The Belmont after the Derby was run, and that’s that….said it wasn’t a hard decision at all, they kept their word.

      • Matthew W says:

        Things just seem to be falling in place for Rombauer….skipped the Derby, and closers did not close…..got Prat in the Preakness, and a great ride….ships and works at Belmont….gets Johnny V, who has ridden 25 Belmonts…..every thing a good thing ……

  2. Ms. Black Type says:

    Steve, a wonderful recap of the memorable racing in 1968. I was 14 that year, deeply in love with thoroughbreds, and believe Dancer’s Image was robbed. (His name still pops up in pedigrees, especially those in Japan).

    Do you have any information on how much Bute showed up in Dancer’s Image’s specimen, or is information lost to history?

  3. Angela Whyland says:

    “No one knows how great Stage Door Johnny could have been and how he would have fared against the mighty Dr. Fager and Damascus. But one thing is for certain, with those two legendary 4-year-olds dominating the sport; the mighty mite Dark Mirage becoming the first filly to sweep the Filly Triple Crown; the opening of the new Belmont Park; and of course the controversial Triple Crown, the year 1968 would go down as one of the most memorable in racing history.”

    Just amazing. I write for paying job and also privately (in the academic world and elsewheres.) This very off track but I just think you’re getting even better. The racing is an interest; I love the horses. But I come back for the writing and of course the conversations. You’all make it so hard not too.

  4. Nick V says:

    Hey Steve, unrelated question, but do you know why MS’s second test is taking this long to come back with the results?

    • Steve Haskin says:

      The owner hasnt sent it out to a lab yet. Remember a split sample has to be requested by the owner, not the track or commission.

  5. AlanaK says:

    This was a great read. What an incredible group of horses, all competing in those same two years. I was a bit too young to follow racing then. The first horse race I saw as a child was Secretariat’s Belmont, live on television. Quite an introduction to racing!

    Somehow, I hadn’t heard the real the story behind the disqualification of Dancer’s Image, and the almost-Triple-Crown of Forward Pass, so thank you for that. I’m imagining that in the earlier days of racing, shenanigans, shall we call them, happened much more frequently, with lack of security cameras and so much less oversight in place.

    I’m looking forward to part 2!

  6. Jack Zaraya says:

    Excellent piece, Steve. I liked Call Me Prince in the Belmont, and, if memory serves, the scuttlebutt was that Hirsch sacrificed him to force the pace because he was not owned by King Ranch to set it up for Draft Card, a King Ranch colorbearer.

  7. 7.5 Furlongs says:

    Nice story about the 1968 running of the Belmont Stakes. Have had an intuition that Stage Door Johnny had an extra gear
    to rely on in the stretch run of his races. Always felt that it traced back in some way to the Princequillo bloodlines influence,
    although that is a theory difficult to prove

    Out of curiosity, do you know the story about how the son of Prince John got his name? His dam is named Peroxide Blonde,
    which is also a catchy name. Thanks for the article. It was great reading.

  8. EddieF says:

    What a thrilling story. Wish I could have witnessed it first hand, but your telling of it might be better! One thing to look into, though: It appears that the winner’s cut of the purse in ’68 was $122,600, not $60k.